Zip Files in Ubuntu CLI

If you want to work with zip files in Ubuntu command line interface, you will need these commands: zip and unzip.

Zip

To install zip if you don’t already have it, do this

sudo apt-get install zip

The simplest way to create a zip file (archive) is

zip myzipfile.zip file1 file2 file3 ...

Where myzipfile.zip is the file (zip archive) you are creating and file1, file2, file3, and so on, are the files you are including in that archive. So let’s say you need to create a zip file of your resumé which is in different file formats, you would something like

zip myresume.zip resume.odt resume.pdf resume.doc resume.txt

Unzip

To unzip files, you need to have a command called unzip. To install unzip if you don’t already have it, do this

sudo apt-get install unzip

The simplest way to extract all files from a zip archive is

unzip myzipfile.zip

Where myzipfile.zip is the file (zip archive) you are unzipping. So let’s say you need to extract (unzip) a zip file of your resumé which contains different files, you would something like

unzip myresume.zip

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Manage Time in Ubuntu Through Command Line

What if you would like to manage your computer’s time in Ubuntu? It’s easy if you are in a graphical desktop environment. But what if you are on the command line? For example, in Ubuntu Server? Well, it is easy as well. A very helpful, everything-in-one-place resource is Ubuntu Time.

View Time

To view the current date and time, the following command will be enough

date

Set Time

To change time means to set a new time. To set time in Ubuntu (or any Linux), just run the following command

sudo date newdatetimestring

where newdatetimestring has to follow the format nnddhhmmyyyy.ss which is described below

  • nn is a two digit month, between 01 to 12
  • dd is a two digit day, between 01 and 31, with the regular rules for days according to month and year applying
  • hh is two digit hour, using the 24-hour period so it is between 00 and 23
  • mm is two digit minute, between 00 and 59
  • yyyy is the year; it can be two digit or four digit: your choice. I prefer to use four digit years whenever I can for better clarity and less confusion
  • ss is two digit seconds. Notice the period ‘.’ before the ss.

Let’s say you want to set your computer’s new time to December 6, 2007, 22:43:55, then you would use:

sudo date 120622432007.55

It couldn’t be any easier, could it? The source of this information was a good post on Ubuntu Forums (Set time/date via command line).

Change Time Zone

You may update or change your time zone by

tzconfig
dpkg-reconfigure tzdata (thanks to Mario, see comment below)

This command will guide you through the process of setting a new time zone. You may also choose UTC (GMT) if you want.

If your system does not have tzconfig, you may use something else.

tzselect

If your system does not have tzdata, install it as below:

sudo aptitude install tzdata

This will provide a set of different time zones to choose. If you would like to set the time to UTC, choose the option which says something like ‘none of the above’, or ‘none of these’ or something to this effect. In my case it was option 11. Then it asks for difference from UTC (GMT and GST is also the same thing). I chose GST-0 as the option and it set the time as UTC.

Sync Clock Via NTP

If you want to sync your clock with NTP servers, it is also very easy. Just make sure you have the file ntp.conf file in /etc. How can you check it?

ls /etc/ntp.conf

If you see /etc/ntp.conf as a result, you already have that file. If the ls command gives an error, you do not have it. If so, you may create it yourself.

sudo vim /etc/ntp.conf

This file will be used to automatic synchronization of the clock. I do not know if the client uses this file automatically or one has to configure something first. Thanks to Sean (see comment below): You need to install ntpd in order to make use of this ntp.conf file.

Whether you have the file already or not, make sure it has at least the following data

driftfile /var/lib/ntp/ntp.drift
server 0.pool.ntp.org
server 1.pool.ntp.org
server 2.pool.ntp.org
server pool.ntp.org

Here you may replace, add, and/or remove any servers you wish. You will find a list of time servers from the public NTP time server list.

You may manually sync the clock using the following

sudo ntpdate servername

where servername can be any public or private time server. You may always choose the following without hesitation

sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org

If you don’t have ntpdate installed, you can install it via:

sudo aptitude install ntpdate

See, it was quite easy. Enabling NTP Services helped me gain this knowledge.