pkgsrc on Linux – Quickstart Guide

A much more opinionated and updated guide is now on my new blog location. You should head over there instead.

Do you want to try out pkgsrc on Linux? Here’s a quickstart guide (tested on Ubuntu 14.04). Of course, always refer to the pkgsrc guide for accurate information.

Get pkgsrc

Install prerequisities.

user@host [~] $ sudo apt-get install build-essential libncurses-dev

Create directory structure in your home directory.

user@host [~] $ mkdir ~/opt

user@host [~] $ cd ~/opt

You have two options for getting pkgsrc: (1) the official ways: by downloading a tar file and extracting it, or by using CVS; (2) by using git. The first way, by using a tar file, is this:

Download pkgsrc and extract.

user@host [~/opt] $ curl -O

user@host [~/opt] $ tar xvzf pkgsrc.tar.gz

The second way, to use git, is also easy. Jörg Sonnenberger has created a GitHub repo that automatically syncs with pkgsrc source.

user@host [~/opt] $ git clone

I think I would prefer using git.

Install and Setup pkgsrc

Install pkgsrc.

user@host [~/opt] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap/

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ export SH=/bin/bash

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ ./bootstrap --unprivileged

Post install steps.

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ cat >> ~/pkg/etc/security.local << EOF
    if [ -x $HOME/pkg/sbin/pkg_admin ]; then
            $HOME/pkg/sbin/pkg_admin audit

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ echo "export PATH=\$PATH:\$HOME/pkg/bin:\$HOME/pkg/sbin" >> ~/.bashrc

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ source ~/.bashrc

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ pkg_admin -K ~/pkg/var/db/pkg fetch-pkg-vulnerabilities

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ echo 'alias pkgupvuln="\$HOME/pkg/sbin/pkg_admin -K ~/pkg/var/db/pkg fetch-pkg-vulnerabilities >/dev/null 2>&1"' >> ~/.bash_aliases

If you used git to get pkgsrc then move on to the next section.

If you did not use git to get pkgsrc then this is the best way going forward. Install CVS and update pkgsrc.

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/bootstrap] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs/

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ echo "export CVSEDITOR=vim" >> ~/.bashrc

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ echo "export CVS_RSH=ssh" >> ~/.bashrc

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ source ~/.bashrc

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ bmake install clean clean-depends

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc] $ cvs up -dP

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs/

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ bmake update

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs] $ bmake clean clean-depends

Install Package

Let’s install golang.

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc/lang/go

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/lang/go] $ bmake install clean clean-depends

Update Package

Follow these steps when you want to update a package, say golang.

user@host [~] $ pkg_admin -K ~/pkg/var/db/pkg fetch-pkg-vulnerabilities

user@host [~] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc

If you used git:
user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc] $ git pull

If you didn’t use git: user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc] $ cvs up -dP

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc] $ cd ~/opt/pkgsrc/lang/go

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/lang/go] $ bmake update

user@host [~/opt/pkgsrc/lang/go] $ bmake clean clean-depends

Delete Package

You can uninstall a package and all its dependencies that are not needed by any other package.

user@host [~] $ pkg_delete -R go

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